The current Standards licensing process through Patent Pools and SEP (self-declared Standard Essential Patents) have resulted in:

  • Licensors’ unreasonable licensing expectations

  • Royalty stacking

  • Assertion of invalid or non-essential patents

Our SEP Zones are intended to deter such activities, enable good-faith FRAND offers, and help standards thrive. This process includes risk monitoring, objective landscapes (OPAL), searchable database of standards submissions (OPEN), objective top-down royalty analyses (OVAL), validity and essentiality reviews (VETTED), and more.


Zone Activities and Goals

  • Protect standards

  • Tools to craft good-faith FRAND offers

  • Litigation Ready

  • Strengthen essentiality designations and SEP validity

  • Increased knowledge and transparency

  • Help standards thrive



Video Codec


Standards and Specifications

  • H.265/HEVC/MPEG-H Part 2 (all versions, extensions, profiles)


  • Hardware / Software base

  • Parallelization

  • Encoding / Decoding

  • Distribution / Streaming

  • Authoring / Packagers

  • Broadcast / Live

  • Scalability

Compression Techniques

  • Entropy Encoding (e.g. VLC, BAC)

  • Context Adaptive Methods (e.g. CAVLC, CABAC)

  • Lossless and Lossy Encoding

  • Block Partitioning

  • Intra-Frame Coding

  • Inter-Frame Coding

  • Transform, Scaling, Quantizatio

  • In-Loop Filters

Integration with External Systems

  • Storage (e.g. ISOBMFF, HEIF)

  • Dynamic Delivery

  • Streaming (e.g. MPEG-DASH, HLS)

  • Broadcast (e.g. MPEG-2)

  • Videoconferencing (e.g. RTP)

  • Negotiation Mechanisms & Systems Signaling

  • Data Multiplexing Designs

Implementation Options

  • Encoding and Decoding Algorithms and Design

  • ange and Screen Content Coding Extensions

  • Data Loss, Corruption Detection, Recovery

  • High-Level Syntax

  • Buffering Management

  • Random Access, Channel Switching, Trick Modes

  • Pre-/Post-Processing of Video Data



Standards and Specifications

  • 3GPP LTE Releases (Releases 8 through 14)

Data Transfer Rate

  • Directional Signal Transmission (Beam-forming)

  • Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ)

  • Multiple-Input & Multiple Output (MIMO)

Channel Efficiency

  • Modulation Schemes (QAM, ASK, PSK, OFDM)

  • Single & Multiple Access (OFDMA)

  • Carrier Aggregation

Power Management

  • Coordinated Multipoint Transmission (CoMP)


  • Device

  • Network

Network Reliability & Coverage

  • Relays

  • Macrocells, Picocells, Femtocells

  • Outdoor and Indoor Environments

  • Heterogeneous Networks (HetNet)

Network Deployment

  • Base Station Automation

  • Self Organizing Network (SON)

Network Security

  • Secure Storage

  • Mutual Authentication

  • Encryption & Decryption

  • Air-link Ciphering